Bilingualism is the goal, of course, not replacement. “Are they sitting next to a buddy they can ask a question in their home language? Teaching any subject to any student is often a challenging task. Getting students to talk is the name of the game for many ESL teachers. For example, hitting the blackjack tables, a Saturday night card game with friends or maybe even picking up that lottery ticket on the way home. If you haven’t figured it out, I’m talking about rocks. A successful classroom, our educators agreed, is one in which students feel known, appreciated, and comfortable taking emotional and intellectual risks. Think about an American wedding. Graphic organizers are also helpful for classifying information. Imagine that you’re learning how to make scrambled eggs. Visuals make both the language and the content more accessible to students. Instructional Models and Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners. Your classroom instruction method can literally be a lifeline for your English Language Learners. Cooperative learning activities can vary greatly in content and objective. Here are five vocabulary instruction strategies to use with elementary students. However, when planning for your ELL students, there are some definitive guidelines that should be followed. If you’re really digging these ESL strategies, then you’re going to love FluentU. If so, what? Once the topic has become personal, of course, it’s more interesting and applicable. Visuals are universal. As the students become more familiar with the language, the visuals can be removed. “If we teach math, then we teach the language of mathematics. It can be a serious challenge. Allow students to use their native language with peers for a quick brainstorm to discover what they know about a topic before presenting their ideas to the whole class. It would likely be much more difficult for you to picture or recall details from her experience. The approach intentionally privileges productive language skills “from the beginning,” she says. He guided me with his hand on the seat behind me while I pushed the pedals and worked the steering. This one is pretty obvious. Every student you teach is different and each will come through your classroom door with a different set of experiences. In the above example you might select the words solar system, miles and planet to explicitly teach. Center on Instruction. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. It’s also helpful to be familiar with what your students already know about a topic. Model what a fluent reader sounds like through focused read-alouds. They begin thinking about their personal experiences with the topic at hand. When charged with reaching ELL students, we must be especially cognizant of the specific set of challenges intrinsic to the ELL student and how best to rise to those challenges. “It is key that in mainstream classrooms, teachers understand their role as language teachers,” says Valentina Gonzalez, a district leader in Katy, Texas, suggesting that all teachers should be aware of the specialized idiom they work within. Using Informal Assessment in the Classroom Just like the bike riding experience, modeling can be the foundation of scaffolding. He introduces a topic and encourages students to preview it in materials in their home language (often using multilingual videos and other online resources); he then teaches the topic in English, and then has students review the information in their home language. Glakas, B. You could easily imagine countless traditions occurring at the reception: Cake cutting, the bouquet toss and the YMCA. This can lead to a lack of confidence which could eventually shut down the learning, resulting in a frustrating and unsuccessful experience for everyone. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. For ELLs, those additional engagements also provide a little breathing room so they can work through the language barrier. Do you want to teach English while traveling the world? Do they feel comfortable tapping me on the shoulder if they have to go to the bathroom?”. On FluentU, all the videos are sorted by skill level and are carefully annotated for students. It really just refers to the belief that, in the beginning stages of instruction, a student will need more support to be successful. “Rajesh” was four years old when he started pre-kindergarten in my friend’s home-based child care center. We interviewed educators with decades of experience in teaching ELLs and tapped a network of experts and observers to find the strategies that work. Importance of ELL Strategies for Students It’s easy to become overwhelmed when learning something new. The teacher models skills and strategies step by step, provides students opportunities to practice, and teaches students to use the skills and strategies independently. Bring English immersion to your classroom! It was then my turn. Emily Francis, an ESL teacher in Concord, North Carolina, makes clear that she wants her students to “embrace their culture and their language as a foundation of who they are” and to consider their acquisition of a new culture and language “not as subtractive, but as additive.” To help support students who may never have attended school before or may be coping with migration-based trauma, Francis emphasizes that little things make a big difference. And if the kids didn’t know what those words are, they’re out of luck.” Translation technology means you can say it once (or twice) and let the students use the technology to translate key words and phrases. Thorpe agrees that Translate can take pressure off teachers, who sometimes find that they “just stand at the front of the room and say things over and over. You could probably picture the wedding procession and all the customs associated with the ceremony. After several minutes of this, he let go. Assessing and building upon prior knowledge is an advantageous strategy for both students and educators. It’s got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the English-speaking world actually watch on the regular. If a friend were to tell you about a recent American wedding she attended, you’d have lots of prior knowledge influencing your perception of the event. “Researchers have found that typically most teachers give one to two seconds between asking a question and expecting a student response,” he says. Use strategies that will pay off big! If we call on students too quickly, many of our students will stop thinking about the answers—or trying to answer at all.”, That means undoing some of our own habits, according to Larry Ferlazzo, a high school ESL teacher in Sacramento, California. No way. By using these 5 strategies with your English Language Learners, you’ve got a safe bet on success. Thanks for subscribing! So, what does scaffolding look like specifically for the ELL student? Educators who are unaware of the typical path to fluency may believe that students who can follow verbal or written directions will be able to produce oral or written language, but that’s usually not the case. Try to guess what I’m describing: These things are all different colors. Easier said than done. How does this make you feel and why? Teaching Secondary Physical Education to ESL Students. Bring dull academic concepts to life with visual and practical learning experiences, helping your students to understand how their schooling applies in the real-world.Examples include using the interactive whiteboard to display photos, audio clips and videos, as well as encouraging your students to get out of their seats with classroom experiments and local field trips. Students learn the nuances of language through simple conversations with friends. This I do, We do, You do theory of teaching is called scaffolding. A. My friend, “Mina” welcomed him warmly, speaking slowly and clearly. She is the director of an early learning center and the mother of two of her own little learners. Another related ELL instructional strategy is to have the student also transfer the words to a word wall in the classroom, where they become easily accessible for future reading without requiring the student to look up the definition in the glossary. Students are most engaged when they feel a personal connection to a lesson or unit, a connection that’s created in part by a teacher’s investment in culturally competent relationships. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Though these students do not learn differently than their native-English-speaking peers, they do have particular educational needs. English Language New instructional strategies are being developed and implemented in … I was finally able to conquer this complex task at the age of 26 with the help from my then-boyfriend-now-husband. Strategies What specific instructional strategies work well for English language learners? The educators I interviewed agreed that productive language skills—hard-to-master dimensions of language fluency like speaking and writing—should be front and center from day one, even if students feel hesitant about them. Just choose words that are significant to the lesson being taught. Once the wheels are turning, it’s time to start asking questions. A physical experience with an object, such as touching, smelling or tasting, helps solidify a student’s comprehension of a new word or concept. These are the essential reading strategies that you should be teaching your students — at any level. Do not learn differently than their native-English-speaking peers, they basic instructional strategies for ell students have educational! Language by saying aloud and writing the ideas and concepts you’re teaching be... Researchers have shown that if you haven ’ t figured it out, I ’ m talking about rocks more... 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