It makes extensive use of contributions to QuakeStories, a website established by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage in 2011. The cost of repairs and rebuilding following the February 2011 earthquake was estimated at $20 billion, compared to $5 billion following the September 2010 quake. An anonymous contributor to QuakeStories describes the feelings of loss they experienced during a tour of the red-zoned CBD a few months after the quake: The first place we came to that affected me was Victoria Square. Some had increased their smoking or alcohol consumption, and fatigue was more common. Secondary effects (things that happen after the primary effects but often as a result of them) Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. We did not realise at the time how badly the stairwells had failed, but it was obvious that we could not get down.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. Many of the city’s most important heritage buildings were damaged or destroyed, including the Provincial Council Chambers, Lyttelton’s Timeball Station, and both the Anglican Christchurch Cathedral and the Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. The staff were amazing. The atmosphere was sombre and subdued. Some families voiced criticism of the time it took to name victims. A number of groups assisted with this grim and difficult task at these buildings and elsewhere. Drew was at the Tower Junction shopping centre on Blenheim Rd when the earthquake struck: We had finished school early that day. 44, no. Limbs had to be amputated and some people suffered partial or full paralysis. An … As I walked along, I began to hear bagpipes playing Amazing Grace. I had been expecting to go to that festival and to be coming to that place so many months later and having such a vivid reminder of the way life just stopped so suddenly on that day was quite startling. A large generator was delivered to us a week after the quake. 1–7, M. Villemure, T.M. A further series hit the region on 23 December 2011. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/105/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/159/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/98/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/187/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/53/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/301/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/100/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/126/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/185/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/255/story/, http://www.police.govt.nz/news/release/27378, https://ccdu.govt.nz/projects-and-precincts/canterbury-earthquake-memorial, http://www.healthychristchurch.org.nz/media/100697/allrightresearchsummary.pdf, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, The shaky isles: Canterbury & other quakes, Wellington and Christchurch's earthquake risk, Canterbury earthquakes and recovery information, http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/Review-CDEM-Response-22-February-Christchurch-Earthquake.pdf. Me and Phoebe just stood there in shock wondering what to do next. Effects on the strength of the community • Community came together to attempt to rebuild the city and clear up the mess left behind from the earthquake. The shaking got worse but eventually it stopped. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. All the cellphone lines were out of action so it was hard to contact my family. My mum has lost her house but is safe, my kids are at home with their mum but are scared their house is badly damaged and need to get out of there, and my house sounds like it has suffered damage…I’m needed at home. A key reason for this is that a double blow often occurs. Many were students learning English at King’s Education in the CTV building. We had no formal information on the extent of damage or expected casualties. Landscapes, such as forests rivers or cliffs, will get damaged, injuring or killing the wildlife. Already subdued by the experience, it was about to take another turn! The focus is to make accurate identifications. Our 15 minute walk took us past the Stanmore Road shops, and I tried not to get emotional about all the collapsed buildings and the people desperately digging in the rubble to get to the people buried underneath. 33-47). A powerful 7.8 magnitude earthquake pummeled central New Zealand early on Monday, killing at least two people, damaging roads and buildings and setting off hundreds of strong aftershocks. It was like I imagine the Blitz was like...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, The sound was awful, a loud noise like a huge aeroplane landing...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, The noise was so intense, like a train coming through the building.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, Within seconds I found myself huddled against the retaining wall in my back garden, listening to the sounds of walls collapsing, breaking glass and the ominous boom, boom, boom as huge boulders came bouncing down the hillsides around me. It wasn’t like riding big waves, or being blown around in a high wind. The report of the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission contains biographies of those who died as a result of the earthquake in the CTV (vol. 178–80. 4, December 2011, 'Review of the Civil Defence Emergency Management Response to the 22 February Christchurch Earthquake', Civil Defence, David Johnston et al., ‘The 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquakes: context and cause of injury’, Natural Hazards, January 2014, Ian McLean et al., Review of the Civil Defence Emergency Management Response to the 22 February Christchurch Earthquake, June 2012: http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/Review-CDEM-Response-22-February-Christchurch-Earthquake.pdf, Miles Parker and Daan Steenkamp, ‘The economic impact of the Canterbury earthquake’, Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, vol. Perhaps they felt as Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) squad leader Mike Carter did. It seemed like just the shaking itself was physically painful, and the noise was incredible, deafening, like nothing I’ve heard or could compare it to.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/100/story/. Lyn Reid, who was injured in the earthquake and remained trapped in the Press building for more than three hours, feared that it would collapse: With the aftershocks I thought, Here we go. A seriously injured patient would arrive every 5 to 10 minutes. Liquefaction is when water-saturated sediment temporarily loses it's strength and acts like a liquid. Another significant aftershock struck Christchurch on 14 February 2016 causing a section of a cliff at Godley Head to collapse and liquefaction in some areas. The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority suggested that the rebuild might cost $30 billion once improvements were included. We had stopped at the bakery in Tower Junction to get some lunch, that was around 12.40 p.m. Once we got outside to sit down to eat it was about 12.50 p.m. Once 12.51 p.m. struck the whole world just started shaking and screams came from every building there. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Dust clouds above central Christchurch, 22 February 2011. Earthquake-damaged homes stand at the edge of a cliff. It was heavenly. The region also lost a number of its distinctive natural features and landmarks. [9] http://www.healthychristchurch.org.nz/media/100697/allrightresearchsummary.pdf. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. The Christchurch rebuild is forecast to start in earnest during the second half of 2012, continuing through to at least 2016. 75, no. Some sectors were hit hard, ‘notably retail, accommodation and hospitality’. community recovery from the major Christchurch earthquake in 2011 is expected to take at least another decade (Stevenson, Humphrey, & Brinsdon, 2014). Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The sight of them, faded, ripped and broken in some places really got to me. Obituaries of the 185 people killed in the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Martin van Beynen, Trapped: remarkable stories of survival from the 2011 Canterbury earthquake, Penguin, Auckland, 2012, G. Dellow et al., ‘Landslides caused by the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake and management of landslide risk in the immediate aftermath’, Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, vol. While making a number of recommendations for each service, an independent review of Civil Defence’s Emergency Management response concluded that over the first 24 hours they had coped in a ‘commendable and on many occasions courageous’ fashion with demands that far outstripped their resources. In a way it was really nice, in light of the news this week about the cathedral’s partial demolition, and the unexpected complicated swirl of emotions that brought up in me, to be able to get close to it and take a picture. 5 Ecological Effects of the Christchurch February Earthquake on our City Estuary Summary and Management Recommendations – August 2011 Quarterly monitoring of bacteria (E. coli) and virus (norovirus) levels in cockles at five sites around the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai has been ongoing for the last three years. At this time, the bulk of the debris had been removed. Kris, who was in the Forsyth Barr building during the quake, recalls working with colleagues to try to get out, only to discover that the building’s stairwell had collapsed: A group of people from my office banded together. Three times as many people were injured in the February 2011 earthquake as in September 2010. It set the tone for most of the way I felt on the rest of the trip – a strange sense of coming home mixed with a feeling that said, ‘what the hell is this place? Comments will be reviewed prior to posting. The aftershocks were particularly dangerous for people who were trapped under debris or in buildings, and for those who were trying to rescue them. Among many notable moments during the service, compelling footage of damage in the CBD was screened, the crowd spontaneously applauded the USAR teams, and Prince William conveyed words of wisdom from his grandmother, the Queen: ‘grief is the price we pay for love’. If we make a mistake we create uncertainty and doubt for everyone. The region’s port and airport had remained operational, and its manufacturing hub had not sustained significant damage, minimising the disruption to ‘industrial production and goods exports and activity’. Each organisation was flooded with 111 calls for help from the CBD and suburbs on top of business as usual – and staff also needed to look to their own families. Earthquakes can affect us in various ways, such as death and injury, disease, disruption to services and amenities and general disruption of people's everyday lives. Others were injured during aftershocks or while cleaning up their properties. The number of student visas for the Canterbury region dropped by 37% – around 3300 individuals – in 2011. [4]. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep. It was like a war zone. Kuniaki Kawahata was deputy director of Toyama College of Foreign Languages, which had students and staff at King’s Education. So, I thought it would be worthwhile going through the economic ramifications of the earthquake from the immediate effects to long term. I remember holding someone’s hand and asking someone else to hold this person’s hand – and the next thing I recall is standing on the rubble of the CTV site – one of about 8 or 9 people who were helping to lead people down with various injuries from what appeared to be a hole at the top of the rubble…. Students are asked to colour code the primary and secondary effects and the immediate and long-term responses. Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission. We sat quivering under the desk for some time, the office ladies were very nice, but frightened also.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/126/story/. I got to the school and was impressed that there was a strict emergency plan in place – staff on each gate issuing instructions. They have been remembered individually at private funerals and through floral tributes at significant sites; collectively in artworks such as Peter Majendie’s 185 Empty White Chairs; with two minutes of silence nationwide; and at public memorial and commemorative services. As I sat on the sofa, my sensitive ears detected those deepest of bass notes that announce another aftershock, but within less than a second the vibrations had undergone a massive crescendo, and the house began roaring around me. Car alarms were going off and that was all you could hear. A good example of liquefaction is, when you are at the beach and are standing near the shore, if you move your toes in the wet sand you will sink and a puddle forms around you. Further liquefaction followed the June and December 2011 aftershocks. 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