For example, Dhubri in Assam is situated at 26° N latitude and 90° E longitude. Some important details about these lines include: The index of an atlas gives shows where places can be found, eg Birmingham, UK - 52° north 1° west. In the United States, for example, Hawaii is the only location in the country that is south of the Tropic of Cancer, and it is thus the only location in the United States where the sun will be directly overhead in the summer. Find out the point where these two lines cut each other. On the tropic itself, the sun is directly overhead at noon on the Northern Hemisphere summer solstice, which occurs around 21 … It is 24,901 miles (40,074 km) long. On the equator, the sun is directly overhead at noon on the spring and fall equinoxes—around March 21 and September 21 each year. This area does not experience seasons, because the sun is always high in the sky. Latitude (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. While the equator divides Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, it is the prime meridian at zero degrees longitude and the line of longitude opposite the prime meridian (near the International Date Line) at 180 degrees longitude that divides Earth into the Eastern and Western hemispheres., The Eastern Hemisphere consists of Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. The line which runs through Greenwich in London is called the Greenwich Meridian or Prime Meridian. Only higher latitudes, north of the Tropic of Cancer and south of the Tropic of Capricorn, experience significant seasonal variation in climate. Lines of longitude run from the top of the Earth to the bottom. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Because longitude lines are not parallel, they are known as meridians. parallel as lines of latitude are – they meet at a point at the north and south poles and are called meridians. Start studying Important Lines of Latitude and Longitude. What are the important lines of latitude in the Southern Hemisphere? 2. Label these as show in the diagram. Our online latitude and longitude trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top latitude and longitude quizzes. Circles of Latitude are called parallels while half of a longitudinal circle is called a Meridian. The Equator is an important line of latitude. From the Prime Meridian, the lines go from 20 degrees to 80 degrees, east and west. 2016. Latitude lines are a numerical way to measure how far north or south of the equator a place is located. Further divide each quarter of the classroom with two more strings. Furthermore, the earth has been divided into 1800 longitudes towards the … That point will be the location of Dhubri. The peak of Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii stands nearly 14,000 feet above sea level, and snow is not unusual. Important lines of latitude: the equator (0°) the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north) the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south) the Arctic circle (66.5° north) the Antarctic circle (66.5° south) Saudi Arabia & Iran. A location's position along a circle of latitude is given by its longitude. As you can see from the diagram, the Equator lies at 0 degrees. from 7 to 8. Longitude lines will go from north to south. Diagram of major circles of latitude on the Earth. While lines of latitude run across a map east-west, the point of latitude makes the n0rth-south position of a point on earth. Iran. The Tropic of Cancer - this line is 23° 27' North. Running in the opposite direction, north-south, the prime meridian is one of the most important lines of longitude on Earth. Mon to Sat - 10 AM to 7 PM 8788563422. The tropics are the two lines where the sun is directly overhead at noon on the two solstices—about June 21 and December 21. This is an online quiz called Important lines of Latitude and Longitude From the quiz author Degrees of Latitude and Logitude for the Tropics, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, Poles, Equators, Prime Meridian, and International Date Line. Four of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of Earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the prime meridian. The positions of these latitudes are determined by the Earth's axial tilt. Which Middle Eastern country was once called Persia? If you live north of the Tropic of Cancer or south of the Tropic of Capricorn, the sun will never be directly overhead. The Equator represents 0° latitude, while the North and South Poles represent 90° North and 90° South latitudes. While the equator is the longest line of latitude on Earth (the line where Earth is widest in an east-west direction), the tropics are based on the sun's position in relation to Earth at two points of the year. The Prime Meridian: Establishing Global Time and Space, Find an Antipode on the Opposite Side of the Earth, Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, Circles Of Latitude & Longitude - The Equator, The Prime Meridian, The Tropic Of Cancer And Capricorn, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. They divide the Earth into segments, like an orange. The Arctic Circle This circle of latitude stretches through eight countries, including the United States, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. All locations falling north of this latitude are said to be in the Arctic Circle. The lines running north-south are known as lines of longitude. These invisible lines are all the same distance apart. The Equator is the longest circle of latitude and is the only circle of latitude which also is a great circle. The lines of latitude were named a long time ago — about 2,000 years ago, to be exact. latitude and longitude. Further north than this, the sun is never directly overhead. You are very important to us. There are 60 minutes in 1 degree. The equator runs through Indonesia, Ecuador, northern Brazil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Kenya, among other countries. Latitude and Longitude - Geography Printable (5th-8th Grade) Latititude and longitude are imaginary lines universally accepted as coordinates for locating places on Earth. 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