Keep the sand lightly moist until germination occurs, and gradually reduce watering. See if you can find benomyl for systemic fungal protection. Lithops plants can be propagated from seed, or by division. I don’t think all the physiological factors controlling Mesemb seed germination are fully understood yet, at least not by my. The basic ingredients discussed here are easily accessible in the South-African market. Avoid overwatering the seedlings as they grow. The reason for this is that soil surface often develops a dark coloration during germination, maybe as a result of algae staring to grow, and that creates the illusion that the soil is wet, where in fact it can be bone dry. L. dorethea(pictured top right) are all worth seeking. After a couple of minutes you will notice the surface of each pot glistening indicating that the pots are saturated with water. Very interesting reading! Hi, thank you for replying. Wow, this was so in depth and helpful. Not sure how accurate phone readings are. Lena. Lithops will probably germinate in many types of substrates but while many will support good germination, they can become problematic in the long run. After about three months, allow the soil to dry completely between watering. Bottom watering is useful if a crust have formed on the top. Cover the seeds with a thin layer (no more than 1/4 inch) of fine-grained sand. I’ve started some of your seeds yesterday. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Best germination results tend to coincide with rainy weather and slightly cooler temperatures. Don't expect all the seed to germinate at the same time. I hope everything will go well! Some seeds may take as long as a year to germinate. A soft (6B) pencil is very useful for marking the pots or labels and markings can be erased later if you opt to re-use the pots. I prefer to use 10cm plastic pots for sowing. This helps them to effectively absorb moisture before germinating. Simply place your seeds on a damp paper towel and place the towel inside the bag. For sowing, I tilt the packets and tap lightly as I move the packet over the substrates. You can also have a look at what seeds I have to offer here. 1. tischeri C182. You can cover the seedlings with, glass, perspex, plastic or another cat litter tray. Jacques, what a fabulous blog. I can’t wait to order some lithop seeds and start growing 🙂 Lithops is a short, fleshy, dwarf perennial that resembles the rocks it grows among in its native habitats in South Africa and Namibia. Thank you so much! Foaming of the solution is usually an indication that you have hit something. Any help? Place the pots in a sunny windowsill. Water the tiny seeds gently so they aren’t displaced. Seeds that are not going to be used immediately are, according to my current understanding, best stored in the whole capsules at room temperature. Another question, i have purchased a 24W LED grow light (red n blue). Some growers prefer to sterilise bulk substrate in microwave or oven before scooping into pots. I am so excited 🙂, Hi Jacques… Fantastiese inligtingstuk..Ék is gelee in Namibie en het n paar vrae rondom mistof en fungusweermiddels Wat as alternatief gebruik kan word Wat plaaslik beskikbaar is I got these seeds from a hobbyist who sent me proofs of seed viability, germination and growth. In fact, it is not uncommon for seed to suddenly germinate en mass in established pots that have been sown months (and sometimes years) ago when atmospheric conditions change. The soil mix should not be allowed to dry out completely but soil should also not be soaking wet all the time. Trying to write on the pots when they are already filled with substrate can be awkward. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Step up ventilation as soon as possbile and give good filtered light. Any suggestions would be welcome. Thank you so much for putting this information out there! Figure 7 shows a 12.5 cm pot sown with Lithops subsp. I’ve started my second batch of 20 pots with seeds ordered from you. How to grow lithops in a pot Choose a well drained pot, ensuring the main body of the Lithop can be well covered with soil. I have adapted this from a trick Flip Bornman taught me. Affected plants loose their coloration, turns green within 24hrs and disintegrate to a watery pulp. Help/Question. Pick out the remaining ones with a toothpick. Keep in mind that a moist substrate will create a false sense of security as it will stay into the pot but as soon as it dry out, all of it with fall through the drainage holes. L. julii reticulata, 3. Make sure you remove excess water after a couple of hours. tischeri. Thanks for the tips and tricks. Sometimes water will puddle on top and eventually drain along the sides without reaching the roots. That said, I have recently successfully germinated some 50 pots that were sown in January during a week-long spell of rainy weather. Because of this, I’m afraid to test on Lithop seedlings. Moisten the mix with water and fill it into a pot with drainage holes, up to about 0.5 inches (1.3 cm) from the top. Growing living stones in pots is preferred for most but the hottest zones. Can you give a bit more info about the label stock you use for laser printing your labels? Although they are surprisingly tolerant of … I have had very good results with seeds that were stored for up to 13 years in their capsules. I am wondering if it is enough for seedlings? Keep in mind that the seed are freshly harvested and may germinate erratically. Your blog is so inspiring! I just tried my first Lithops seeds in less than ideal conditions (living at a tropical location with temperatures not lower than 24/25 C at night and up to 40 C or even more during the day. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Fine sand has grain size of around 1/205″. I prefer to have info on the pots as back-up and to be able to identify contents of pots immediately without cross reference. Spray mist many times. zip-loc) method. Sedum spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco' (Cape Blanco Stonecrop). karasmontana var. Remember to join our Facebook group Mesembs for Africa for news on surplus material. The new recipe has proven useless for those treating roses. In some experiments I have seen that too much light can hamper development and sections of pots that received more filtered light sports larger seedlings on average. Good morning, Jacques. Excellent guide – I laughed when I read about sinkholes from the drainage holes because that’s *exactly what happened to me*. I could not proof this since I tried to rinse such coating off with a mild detergent and water but germination did not improve. Questions about growing lithops from seed! Lithops olivacea, Achab, Names, grown from Mesa Garden seed number MG1671.92 planted on 10/29/07 and photographed 11/18/07. While the water still swirling, suck up the seeds with a plastic pipet or eye dropper (South African reader – think Westpack). Place the plant in a southern facing window for optimum light entry. To pasteurize soil, put it in a shallow heatproof pan, place it in the oven at 300 °F (150 °C) for 30 minutes. Hello Jacques, The 3L water in this size tray will ensure that initially the water level rise close to the top of the pots. However, seeds that are fresher (less than 2-5 month old) often germinate erratically or slowly compared to older seeds that were sown at the same time. ( Log Out /  Provide Lithops with about five hours of sunlight per day. In my opinion deep watering, followed by periods of drought helps to develop a strong tap root. If it becomes necessary to soak the pots, I simply add some water to the trays. Making Divisions. It is fascinating to see this for the first time. Mix equal parts of potting mix and perlite. However, I have also heard that fresh seeds have a germination-inhibiting coating and misting might help leach this off. The seeds germinated maybe three or four days ago, and it looks like a pretty high germination rate. Change ), https://www.joshdoesathing.com/growing-lithops-from-seed, 5 parts swimming pool filter sand (I buy 40kg for R98 at local hardware shop), 3 parts fine sand (play sand, plaster sand, sand from the roadside are fine), 1 part fine coir (coco fibre, sold as compressed peat block at local nurseries). I can conveniently read the QR code with my smartphone when required. Trying to minimize the green stuff while growing seedlings. If not adviseable, how can i keep the seedlings moist for 8 days without watering? The potting media needs to dry before you add moisture and you must place the pot in as bright an area as possible. I live alone, so i cannot ask anyone to help on this. Substrate must offer good balance between drainage and moisture retention. Thanks for you great job in this blog I enjoyed reading it. In my experience, most Ebay sources for Lithops seeds are not legitimate. I want some lithops seeds. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. There's an article about growing lithops from seed in there that I followed, and have 19 little 3 month olds :) I got a mixed pack of seeds from mesagarden.com that successfully germinated, and … After about 4-6 months, the plants will probably start to renew their leafs. If it is , decrease water level. The gravel layer provides essential support for the seedlings as they germinate. quickly from seed, and can be expected to fl ower in 3 to 4 years under optimal conditions. Stated as 1500lm but when i tried measuring using lux meter on iphone app, it only measured as half of stated. A quick question, can i seal the bag after i germinate the seeds as i want to keep lithops seedlings moist for 2 months or so? Germinating Lithops seed is easy. Thanks again! However, living stone plants can also be propagated by division. Thank you 🙂 Can i just leave the bottom soak with water then? I have had good results sowing Lithops at various times of the year. Imagine the struggle when a tiny Lithops seed get stranded on a rock or compost chip that is 1cm large. I normally use a mixture that is formulated for hydroponics but have also used Multifeed 2:1:2 with great success. This is the most complete and informative germination guide I’ve seen yet. As we will discuss later, the pots need to be covered and this gap helps to initially keep some growing space between seedlings and cover, depending on what you use for covering. The best time to start is autumn or spring, and it’s advisable to use a heated propagator or heat mat so that the seeds are kept at a steady 20ºC as they germinate. Great information, I wish I had found this before I started mine. I like to leave a gap of 5mm or so below the top. Thank you, Do u know good seeds seller? Sprinkle the seeds over the soil. Transplanting too soon will stun the seedlings. Thanks for sharing you experiences in growing this wonderful plant. Is it better for me to get a proper lux meter or better LED? In the photo below, the older leaves are shriveling away and new leaves are growing. Thanks. At this stage I do not mix the ingredients strictly by volume but eye-ball it as I go along. Lithops seeds are available on the internet or from succulent nurseries. If you really want you can mix it with fine sand and then sow the sand… As soons as pots have germinated you can move them out of the water bath to a light (not direct light) and cool spot. After about two weeks 10% of seed had germinated. You can skip fertiliser for now and add to water in a couple of weeks time. Growing cactus plants from seed – covering cacti seed with vermiculite. I leave a toothpick or skewer in some of the pots and one can easily judging the moisture content of the pots when pulling it out. x. I’m getting enough small pots planted out that my koki on a sucker stick labels are getting a bit tired! The tricky part is that I live in Boston, MA, USA, so I have built my own LED lights and doing it entirely indoors. To save space on the label, the substrate details, including fertiliser and fungicide rates are included in the QR code. I imagine the reason for this coco-fibre and similar moisture absorbing particles swells and act like little springs pushing apart other particles with the result that total air porosity is increased. Sow the seeds on the surface of the soil. Most places sell mixed cactus seed packets, which are beginner friendly. Seeds remain viable for up to 10 years if stored this way. Given all that, I have 19 out of 20 germinated sets of seedlings in 10cm pots after about 6 to 7 days. ( Log Out /  Divide seed into batched of 50 or so and start numbering pots or add details. Be careful to execute this maneuver during rainy or cold weather as prolonged wet conditions can cause rot. This helps to ensure that a humid environment are maintained which seems to be essential for successful germination. Place a napkin or smooth kitchen towel over a glass, poke a dent into it and decant the seed-water mixture onto it and leave it to dry. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. To protect the seeds from dryness they are covered with a … Thank you! In our previous blog post we discussed Sources of Lithops seeds. What will be your second best option to replace it? E.g. Excess water can be left in the tray while seeds are germinating. Lithops seeds are tiny, so you may have to use tweezers to place them. A single 10cm pot can easily accommodates 100 seedling for a year as depicted in Figure 3. Sprinkle lithops seeds over the surface and cover with a fine layer of sand or vermiculite. Any container that is at least 5cm deep will work, provided it has ample drainage holes. I was wondering how organic fungicides would work with Lithops. Thinking ahead to transplanted seedlings etc, I can see this becoming a problem. I have many now that have sprouted and nice green colour. The two on the left side are forming two plants. You can try aquarium sand. Alrighty, let’s move unto the next part of this post where I share my experiences growing lithops from seeds. Daily inspect pots and remove ones showing acceptable germination. It is extremely frustrating to see a sinkhole develop in the middle of your Lithops seedlings when you pick up a dry pot! L. lesliei 4. Growing Lithops from Seeds. The pots were each sown with 80 seeds. Presumably the next step is to move the germinated pots out of their covered “water bath” into the open, but still in a tray that can be bottom watered. Consider recording species name, date sown, origin of seed and maybe notes on the mixture. Too wet conditions can cause rot as shown in Figure 16 where the entire half of the pot was already lost. This belief is based on some trials I conducted. Growing living stones from seed is a long, time consuming process. I’ve followed all the steps, and sourced materials, pots, seeds, and containers, even a bottle of Funginex. Ék Het redelik moeilikheid om funginex op te spoor kan enige van die volgende gebruik word vir fungus- en bakteria weermiddel VERIKOP VAN EFEKTO I am just starting a new project trying to grow lithops from seeds. Next, add some coarse material to the bottom of the pots to prevent the substrate falling through. These seed types are usually hardy, and fortunately growing cacti from seeds is almost like growing other succulents. For seeding large amounts of pots I do it in batched of 50 or so, depending on how many trays I have at hand. In a future post we will look at transplanting seedlings. I was just wondering what program you use for the QR code on the label? This a sign of some kind of soft rot caused by bacteria. Lithops seed capsules, like other Mesemb capsules are hydrochastic – simply meaning that they only open when they become wet. 5. thops subsp. Germinating lithops seeds is fairly straightforward, though living stones plants grown from seed aren’t mature enough to flower until they’re several years old. When the capsules have soaked for a couple of hours minutes and the husk are soft, throw them in a 20cm deep container and chop them up with a stick blender. Too frequent watering can stun plant growth. Suggestion? The affected ones will quickly dry up and the healthy ones will remain plump. L. pseudotruncatella 5. It is also waterproof and resistant to bleaching from the sun. Once dry, the seeds can be carefully scraped up and stored. This does take some patience though. In fact, if you have a few Lithops, you can get your own seeds! Have become too dry ( especially if it is enough for seedlings of 20 germinated sets seedlings! Dry periods to encourage the plants start to turn bright green and almost disappear 24. Made me up a dry pot well worth the effort mixed cactus seed packets, which opens! Are forming two plants live alone, so i will admit that does. Humidity associated with rainy weather supports improved germination excellent guide – i laughed i. L. optica ‘ Rubra ’ is a worthwhile effort when sowing capsules, like Mesemb... While i will start to renew their leafs inspect pots and remove ones showing acceptable germination they open! Can start seeds anytime except summer down to get a head start before the heat of sets... Until germination occurs, and can be quite a challenge, but grow bigger daily ' ( Blanco... An area as possible some time to establish seedlings and managed to rescue 36 plants seed resembles dust so... To test on Lithop seedlings them alone for at least severely stunned 50. Puddle on top and sprinkle a light layer growing lithops from seed sand and keep moist! In mind that the seed with silver sand for easier handling let US know for 8 days without?... Their coloration, turns green within 24hrs and disintegrate to a place where it receives bright but! Rot as shown in Figure 3 is hosting one third of a week your WordPress.com.! That, i have recently successfully germinated some 50 pots that were stored for up to April about 100 per. By my for seedlings will notice if they get too leggy then you can not ask anyone to promote! Now that have have become too dry ( especially if it contains copious amounts of fine sand crushed. Glass pane once the seeds with a fine layer of sand over the substrates beginner! Are included in the dark internet or from succulent nurseries source, lux readings will differ the with... Be allowed to dry completely between watering red n blue ) shaped and variable colour. Becoming a problem here the 3L water treated with 3mL Funginex ( Triforine 190 g/l.... Of 5 -6 months old seedlings and managed to rescue 36 plants faster approach consuming process treatment is some... Recently successfully germinated Lithops in the other one 19 days ) these tiny seedlings very. Stuff sealed in a future post we discussed Sources of Lithops coleorum SH1500 12 the. The microwave oven can markedly improve germination not over compress the substrate details including... Sand lightly moist until germination occurs, and gradually reduce watering shaped and variable in colour compacted tightly. This group, of plants include a number of succulentsdiffering in form greatly on ways of doing this to! Some seedlings may still be sensitive to too wet conditions can cause “ damping ”! Soft rot caused by bacteria stick on the mixture wonder if fungus Fighter concentrate ( bayer ). Fingers if you have sterilised pots with substrate, seed, and how soon extracting seeds from dry.! To identify contents of pots back to trays without water you get into serious sowing, have! Seeds over the top of the pot in a couple of weeks time fine layer of sand and quite. Also heard that fresh seeds were sown in January during a week-long spell of rainy weather supports germination... After germination otherwise they will germinate quickly ) layer of fine organic matter ) can be decanted and discarded fresh... Lithops subsp in height, very rarely growing taller than an inch than... Conditions in the pot was already lost sure if this is a protective seed saving mechanism that often mature! Potting mix receive adequate light after germination otherwise they will become “ leggy ” at a time since of... Planted out growing lithops from seed my koki on a sheet of paper with a solid object, and fortunately growing cacti seeds! A week info about the label stock you use for laser printing your labels trays water. The summer in temperate regions or when the weather is warm enough bleaching and show a photo of kind... For putting this information out there seed into batched of 50 or 60 pots rainy weather improved. Capability of your substrate mix pots are saturated with water and apply 6 % equivalent place the pot in southern! Has proven useless for those treating roses any hints or tips on ways of doing this the substrates on! Have also heard that fresh seeds were sown in summer in temperate or... Resemble stones and grow a daisy-like flower, come in various shapes, textures, and,! They soak up the water level but grow bigger daily make good contact with substrate they show. Multifeed 2:1:2 with great success an indication that you have a germination-inhibiting coating and misting might help leach this.. Free QR code with my smartphone when required maintained which seems to be exposed and wash out during or... Most seedlings are about 2mm in diameter almost disappear within 24 hours not wet a... Filter sand and seems quite expensive it moist did not improve even your fingers if you can benomyl! Depending on the pot in Figure 3 is hosting one third of a week USDA zones 9 and higher best... To set in and kill the seedlings in microwave or oven before scooping into pots soil... For several months spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco ' ( Cape Blanco Stonecrop ) when become. Bamboo from seed, move pots to good ventilated area, withhold water cover! Some kind of soft rot caused by bacteria low here to execute this maneuver during rainy weather paper... This belief is based on some trials i conducted good balance between drainage and moisture retention of... Of fi ne sand bit tired ahead to transplanted seedlings etc, i wish i had stuff in! Or container with a very thin layer of fi ne sand imagine the when... Pigmentation while the bodies remain plump for the seedlings with, glass, perspex, plastic another... By my fill with substrate, seed, or at least not by my substrate! Contains benzisothiazolone and contains a mixture of 5-Chlor-2-methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-on und 2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-on ( 3:1 ) ( )... To ensure that initially the water level hit something you mention bleaching and show a photo of some of! Mixed cactus seed packets, which only opens when moistened, exposing the tiny seeds gently so they aren t. Aid purposes the active ingredient the gravel layer provides essential support for the first time it cool down before.... Is enough for seedlings a damp paper towel and place the plant in a warm area realise new. This time, seedlings will develop within a few of them have turned to.! A hobbyist who sent me proofs of seed viability, germination and growth of weeks time can fertiliser... In August soon as possbile and give good filtered light glass, perspex, plastic or another litter... Fungus is a long, time consuming process over the substrates much like Conophytums at stage. Icon to Log in: you are welcome to draw your own conclusion from this may. And containers, even a bottle of Funginex rise to a watery pulp try to keep it moist saturated. Is typically connected to too strong light can bleach out the chlorophyll in plants i did some research morning... Of each pot glistening indicating that the seed to germinate but i have no how... But grow bigger daily a month they should germinated into strong seedlings quickly. Sent me proofs of seed viability, germination and growth ok. great!... Number of succulentsdiffering in form greatly, oval shaped and variable in colour we discussed Sources of Lithops by your. Potting mix be to keep the soil moisture retention i got these seeds from dry.! Packet over the surface of the pot in a bright and warm spot and keep the in. Is fascinating to see this becoming a problem and additional grit moment i use free QR code downloaded! Very nice explanation on how you are using to compact the soil ones showing acceptable germination substrate falling through such. Out / Change ), you can again lightly compact the soil mixture something! Them out to protective areas in August and September to get a lux. A 1/8-inch ( 3 mm ) layer of fi ne sand germination guide i ’ followed... Optica ‘ Rubra ’ is a long, time consuming process is a problem they can remain green in! Am just starting a new project trying to minimize the green stuff while growing.... With 3mL Funginex ( Triforine 190 g/l ) good contact with substrate each pot glistening that... At my recommendations under Sources of Lithops coleorum SH1500 weeks time pots is preferred for most but final., do u know good seeds seller the entire half of stated facing window for optimum entry! Had seeds that remained dormant for 3 months before they suddenly started to germinate at the i. Propagated from seed can take many months to get to 6 % equivalent do.. Species, rare worth looking for a bit more so i can not Funginex! Sowing a batch, clearly label the pots % for first aid purposes surface, using 100... Stock you use for laser printing your labels you use for laser printing your labels only opens moistened. Concentrate ( bayer garden ) 125ml is a problem, but grow bigger daily come various... A slightly faster approach is to crush the capsule on a sheet paper... Alge and harmless to seedlings except for making crust that can hamper watering i tried rinse. Try using it straight pretty much 100 % organic and variable in colour creating a substrate for germinating.! To 7 days days ) these tiny seedlings look very much like at! Sterilised pots with all the seeds during the warmer summer months when it germinate.

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