The belief that set Puritans and Calvinists apart from other denominations of Protestantism, however, was predestination. Puritans believed that God had already determined who would go to heaven and who to hell, and that a small percentage of individuals among the population were the Elect, those predestined for heaven. ... What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. Puritanism, I believe, was an extension, or an alteration of Calvinism. Puritans believed that human nature was inherently sinful with salvation only attainable through God's grace; however, Puritans also believed in predestination, which stated that only a chosen few were eligible with no hope of recourse for the rest. What did John Winthrop want to create in the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Several beliefs differentiated Puritans from other Christians. Puritans are more strict and follow more rigid guidelines of morality than … This made them eager to convert Natives to Christianity, which they managed to do in some places . Puritans believed in predestination. The first was their belief in predestination. The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement that arose in the late 16th century and held that the Church of England should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in … They did believe in predestination. – The non-elect were evil. – Total depravity: This doctrine was not held in the early Church and comes from Gnosticism. Puritans believed that belief in Jesus and participation in the sacraments could not alone effect one's salvation; one cannot choose salvation, for that is the privilege of God alone. Beliefs and practices of the Puritans: – Predestination/Election: God preordained some people to heaven and some to hell. Many people do not realize that there are many different denominations of the Christian faith. The single phrase above that is accurate concerning the Puritans themselves is that they were believers in Calvinist theology. They could not tolerate public scandal, especially when attached to a religious moment. – The Puritans believed that they were Israel with their exodus to America as proof. It's been a while since I've gone over Puritans, but ultimatley, their belief in predestination led to their extreme "child rearing." This doctrine holds that God is all-powerful and all-knowing; therefore, the fate of each individual soul is known to God at birth. They believed that the civil government should strictly enforce public morality by prohibiting vices like drunkenness, gambling, ostentatious dress, swearing, and Sabbath-breaking. 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