I am replying to the letter signed by yourself and ten other Members of Parliament on the 22nd of June about the West Indians who arrived in this country on that day on board the “Empire Windrush”. Employment of Jamaicans from the S.S. The arrival of the Windrush was the start of a period of migration from the Caribbean to Britain that did not slow down until 1962. Free digital downloads While there is limited access to our Kew site, signed-in users can download digital records for free. It is difficult to prophesy whether events will repeat themselves, but I think it will be shown that too much importance – too much publicity too – has been attached to the present argosy of Jamaicans. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. The Empire Windrush ship arrived in England on 21 June 1948 carrying hundreds of passengers from the Caribbean, among others. Some wished to rejoin the armed services. Tue 10am - 6pm. That is true, and all the Colonial Governments have their ten-year plans of development, assisted from the Colonial Development and Welfare Act of the United Kingdom. Empire Windrush, under the name MV Monte Rosa, was the last of five almost-identicalMonte-class passenger ships (in German) that were built by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg between 1924 and 1931 for Hamburg Süd(Hamburg South American Steam Shipping Company). v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Friends of The National ‘Welcome Home’ was the headline on the Evening Standard’s report of the arrival of the Windrush in Tilbury Dock. The Windrush scandal has highlighted a number of areas where the treatment of our fellow citizens has fallen seriously short of acceptable standards. I would like to know if the landing cards and their alleged destruction by the Home Office or its agencies was known to The National Archives at the time, whether TNA agreed on the destruction and also whether they are on a Disposal Schedule approved by TNA. Only one month later, on 30 July 1948, the British Nationality Act 1948 was given royal assent: it came into force on 1 January 1949. The Act […] The nearest labour exchange to the shelter was Brixton. If our policy were to result in a great influx of undesirables, we might, however unwillingly, have to consider modifying it. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. On the whole, therefore, I doubt whether there is likely to be a similar large influx. Monday 30 December 2019 ‘Voices of the Windrush Generation: The real story told by the people themselves’ by... Footer. National Archives may hold proof of Windrush migrants' arrivals The names of those arriving in the UK from the West Indies before 1960 should have been recorded, it has emerged. ... Windrush Sq., London, England, SW2 1EF, United Kingdom +44 (0)20 3757 8500 info@bcaheritage.org.uk. TENS of thousands of arrival records for the Windrush generation have been FOUND in the National Archives – after months of residents being threatened with deportation. However, the public sector offered them reasonably well-paid work, for example in hospitals, the General Post Office, London Transport and the railways. We have not yet got complete figures on the disposal of the party which arrived on the “Empire Windrush”, but it may be of interest to you to know that of the 236 who had nowhere to go and no immediate prospects of employment, and who were therefore temporarily accommodated at Clapham Shelter, 145 had actually been placed in employment by the 30th June and the number still resident in the Shelter at this last week-end was down to 76. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. I note what you say, but I think it would be a great mistake to take the emigration of this Jamaican party to the United Kingdom too seriously. That tradition is not, in my view, to be lightly discarded, particularly at this time when we are importing foreign labour in large numbers. The shock find strengt… Asked if the National Archive was concerned that primary documents relating to a significant historical event, the arrival of the Windrush Generation, appear to have been destroyed by the Home Office/Borders Agency and are thus no longer available to historians and family history researchers a spokesperson for the National Archive told thePipeLine, ... alongside their records from the National Archives … The post-1945 collection of the Hungarian National Archives has been in the process of “moving” for over a year (without a new building ready to accommodate the archives). As a short-term measure, the Colonial Office was forced to house 230 Windrush settlers in a deep air raid shelter in Clapham Common. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. Arrival records stored at the UK National Archives could be used as vital evidence for Windrush migrants who are struggling to prove they have a right to remain. Hours. This list shows the names of some of the men who travelled from Jamaica to Britain aboard the former troopship, MV Empire Windrush. Black Cultural Archives is the only national heritage centre dedicated to collecting, preserving and celebrating the histories of African and Caribbean people in Britain. By Philip Whiteside, News Reporter Saturday 21 April 2018 19:54, UK Others hoped for better career prospects in Britain, since there was high unemployment at home. Wed 10am - 6pm. It is traditional that British subjects, whether of Dominion or Colonial origin (and of whatever race or colour), should be freely admissible to the United Kingdom. This documentary offers a valuable insight into the life and challenges faced by Black Bermudians leaving Bermuda for a life in the 'Mother Land.' As a result, many of the settlers set up home there, making it one of Britain's first Caribbean communities. It was a big problem finding them somewhere to live. Page from the Empire Windrush passenger list, 1948. It would therefore be a great mistake to regard these people as undesirable or unemployables. These factors prevent them driving ahead as fast as they and we would wish. EXT 9/104, All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, This item can be found in our catalogue -. Though we talk about Windrush as a story of arrival, one-third of those on … Letter from Prime Minister Attlee to an MP about immigration to the UK, 5 July 1948 (HO 213/ 715). The Windrush scandal was a 2018 British political scandal concerning people who were wrongly detained, denied legal rights, threatened with deportation, and, in at least 83 cases, wrongly deported from the UK by the Home Office. According to the official passenger list – held by the National Archives – … Windrush Generation Landing Cards: This is a Freedom of Information request. Exceptionally favourable shipping terms were available to them, and there was a large proportion of them who had money in their pockets from ex-service gratuities. The government was thinking about recruiting workers from the Caribbean to cope with the shortage of labour in some British industries. ... of Parliament on the 22nd of June about the West Indians who arrived in this country on that day on board the “Empire Windrush”. When the ship departed on 24th May, all 300 places were taken. There was plenty of work available in Britain, mostly labouring jobs in the big cities. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. The Civil Service sent a black officer, Ivor Cummings, to meet the new arrivals. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. Free digital downloads While there is limited access to our Kew site, signed-in users can download digital records for free. It also changed the social landscape of Britain. During the 1920s, Hamburg Süd believed there would be a lucrative business in carrying German immigrants to South America and the first two ships (MV Monte Sarmiento and MV Monte Olivia) were built for that purpose. Photo from the National Archives (UK) BBC 4 Television Documentary on the Windrush Generation. This is one of the pages from the passenger list of the Empire Windrush, a ship which brought people from the West Indies to the UK. An extra 192 men made the voyage on the deck. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. Although it has been possible to find employment for quite a number of them, they may well find it very difficult to make adequate remittance to their dependants in Jamaica as well as maintaining themselves over here. Black Caribbeans were generally shut out of higher-paid jobs, especially those that were heavily unionised. It stated that there were 300 places on board Windrush for anyone wishing to travel to Britain. The arrival records for tens of thousands of immigrants from the Windrush generation have been found in the National Archives. Thu 10am - 6pm. Windrush settlers arrive in Britain, 1948 This list shows the names of some of the men who travelled from Jamaica to Britain aboard the former troopship, MV Empire Windrush. ... Voices of the Windrush Generation. The political struggles of the period that followed the arrival of the Windrush are recorded on the pages of hundreds of documents held at the National Archives. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. Passenger acco… Windrush settlers arrive in Britain, 1948 – treasures of The National Archives (UK). The ship landed at Tilbury docks on 21st June. EMPIRE WINDRUSH. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. Request. These circumstances are not likely to be repeated; yet even so not all the passages available were taken up. The internet and both local and national repositories such as the National Archives based in Kew, Surrey have provided useful resources in tracing ancestors that have migrated to United Kingdom. The arrival of the so called Windrush generation has become one of the most significant aspects of history between the years 1948 and 1971. More than half of the passengers on the Empire Windrush had left homes in Jamaica. The majority of them are honest workers, who can make a genuine contribution to our labour difficulties at the present time. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. At the end of the Second World War, Britain was busy rebuilding. In 1948, an advertisement appeared in a Jamaican newspaper. The Windrush generation might be offered a lifeline after it was revealed that the National Archives hold arrival records of thousands of people who came to the UK decades ago. Many had served with the Allied Forces in the war. Select sources of information . It would be fiercely resented in the Colonies themselves, and it would be a great mistake to take any measure which would tend to weaken the goodwill and loyalty of the Colonies towards Great Britain. But they, like this country, are embarrassed by shortages of skilled directing personnel as well as to some extent the universal dollar shortage. But what’s happening to the Windrush children – including the government destroying records that constitute an important and vital part of black history, when they could have been preserved by the Black Culture Archive or the National Archives – is part of that history of … KewRichmondSurreyTW9 4DU Tel: +44 (0) 20 8876 3444, Patented textile pattern by Christopher Dresser. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open Government Licence Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. v3.0. Many of those who arrived from the West Indies from the late 1940s onwards lack these records, having never applied for British citizenship or passports, and are now struggling to prove they living in the UK legally. National Archives Could Help Windrush Generation Prove They're Allowed To Stay 'I travelled to Britain on the promise of a new life but now they have turned their back on me'. By 1955, 18,000 Jamaicans had moved to Britain. The Unwanted: The Secret Windrush Files is a film by historian David Olusoga, available on BBC iPlayer, which uses documents from The National Archives to present the history of successive government’s hostility towards non-white settlers in the UK. It is too early yet to assess the impression made upon these immigrants as to their prospects in Great Britain and consequently the degree to which their experience may attract others to follow their example. Windrush Generation: Our Family History. Windrush was not the beginning, rather a new chapter in a longer story. ‘Voices of the Windrush Generation: The real story told by the people themselves’ by David Matthews is a powerful collection of stories from the men, women and children of the Windrush generation – West Indians who emigrated to Britain between 1948 and 1971 … Windrush generation migrants may have been handed a lifeline after it emerged records of their arrival in the UK should be in the National Archives. Date: 1947 Dec.-1948 Oct. Held by: The National Archives, Kew: Former reference in its original department: 11030/26: Former reference in The National Archives: CO 876/9: Legal status: Public Record(s) Closure status: Open … Seventy years ago, on 21 June 1948, HMT Empire Windrush docked at Tilbury, near London, with 1,027 passengers on board; the vast majority were Commonwealth immigrants from the Caribbean. You and your fellow signatories say that Colonial Governments are responsible for the welfare of their peoples. But I should not be willing to consider that except on really compelling evidence, which I do not think exists at the present time. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. 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